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Equality and Diversity

Equality and diversity is very important to Pennine Care NHS Foundation Trust. Our services aim to be sensitive to the individual needs of our service users. The staff providing services should reflect the diversity within our boroughs as much as possible and we are working towards this.

Equality and Diversity Annual Summary

Document File Size
Equality and Diversity Annual Summary 2017/2018 1.28 MB
Equality and Diversity Annual Summary 2016/2017 1.34 MB
Equality and Diversity Annual Summary 2015/2016 1.26 MB
Equality and Diversity Annual Summary 2014/2015 1.01 MB
Equality and Diversity Annual Summary 2013/2014 124 KB


Equality and Diversity Quarterly Assurance Report

Document File Size
Equality and Diversity Quarterly Assurance Report November 2016 167 KB
LD GM work update Feb 2017 112 KB

Workforce Race and Equality Standard (WRES)

Document File Size
Workforce Race Equality Standard (WRES) Report 2016 586 KB
Workforce Race Equality Standard (WRES) Baseline Report 2015 273 KB
Workforce Race Equality Standard(WRES) Introduction 13 KB

Equality Delivery System (EDS2)

Document File Size
Equality Delivery System (EDS2) Grading Report 2015-16 462 KB
EDS2 Implementation Plan 2016 520 KB
Equality Delivery System (EDS2) Grading Report 2014-15 629 KB
EDS2 Project Implementation Plan 2014-15 548 KB
EDS2 Grading presentation 379 KB

Accessible information guidelines

Document File Size
Supporting communications needs of service users 272 KB
Guidelines for using interpretors 243 KB
Accessible Information Standard - easy read 2.93 MB

The protected characteristics

There are 9 protected characteristics defined by the Equality Act, these are detailed below.


Where a person belongs to a particular age or age group, e.g. 50 year olds or 20 – 24 year olds.


A person is a disabled person (someone who has the protected characteristic of disability) if they have a physical and/or mental impairment which has what the law calls ‘a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities’.

There is no need for a person to have a medically diagnosed cause for their impairment; what matters is the effect of the impairment not the cause.

In relation to physical impairment:

  • Conditions that affect the body such as arthritis, hearing or sight impairment (unless this is correctable by glasses or contact lenses), diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, conditions such as HIV infection, cancer and multiple sclerosis, as well as loss of limbs or the use of limbs are covered.  
  • HIV infection, cancer and multiple sclerosis are covered from the point of diagnosis.  
  • Severe disfigurement (such as scarring) is covered even if it has no physical impact on the person with the disfigurement, provided the long-term requirement is met (see below).  
  • People who are registered as blind or partially sighted, or who are certified as being blind or partially sighted by a consultant ophthalmologist, are automatically treated as disabled under the Act.

Mental impairment includes conditions such as dyslexia and autism as well as learning disabilities such as Down’s syndrome and mental health conditions such as depression and schizophrenia.

Gender Reassignment

Gender reassignment is a personal process (rather than a medical process) which involves a person expressing their gender in a way that differs from or is inconsistent with the physical sex they were born with.  

This personal process may include undergoing medical procedures or, as is more likely for school pupils, it may simply include choosing to dress in a different way as part of the personal process of change.

A person will be protected because of gender reassignment where they:

  • make their intention known to someone – it does not matter who this is, whether it is someone at school or at home or someone like a doctor:

          I. once they have proposed to undergo gender reassignment they are protected, even if they take no further steps or they decide to stop later on
         II. they do not have to have reached an irrevocable decision that they will undergo gender reassignment, but as soon as there is a manifestation of this intention they are protected  
  • start or continue to dress, behave or live (full-time or part-time) according to the gender they identify with as a person  
  • undergo treatment related to gender reassignment, such as surgery or hormone therapy, or  
  • have received gender recognition under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

It does not matter which of these applies to a person for them to be protected because of the characteristic of gender reassignment.

This guidance uses the term ‘transsexual person’ to refer to someone who has the protected characteristic of gender reassignment. The term Trans* is currently used by many organisations. The * signifies an inclusive definition of the spectrum of gender identities.

Marriage and Civil Partnership

In England and Wales marriage is no longer restricted to a union between a man and a woman but now includes a marriage between a same-sex couple. This will also be true in Scotland when the relevant legislation is brought into force.

Same-sex couples can also have their relationships legally recognised as 'civil partnerships'. Civil partners must not be treated less favourably than married couples. 

Pregnancy and maternity

A woman who is pregnant. Maternity is the period after birth when the woman is a ‘new mother’. Protection is for 26 weeks and includes treating a woman less favourably because she is breastfeeding.

Race or ethnicity

Race means a person’s:

  • colour, and/or
  • nationality (including citizenship), and/or
  • ethnic or national origin

and a racial group is composed of people who have or share a colour, nationality or ethic or national origins.

A person has the protected characteristic of race if they belong to a particular racial group, such as ‘British people’.

Racial groups can comprise two or more racial groups such as ‘British Asians’.

Religion and belief

A belief should influence your lifestyle and choices for it to be considered.

The protected characteristic of religion or belief includes any religion and any religious or philosophical belief. It also includes a lack of any such religion or belief.

A religion need not be mainstream or well known to gain protection as a religion.

It must, though, be identifiable and have a clear structure and belief system. Denominations or sects within religions may be considered a religion.

Cults and new religious movements may also be considered religions or beliefs. Belief means any religious or philosophical belief and includes a lack of belief.

‘Religious belief’ goes beyond beliefs about and adherence to a religion or its central articles of faith and may vary from person to person within the same religion. A belief which is not a religious belief may be a philosophical belief, such as humanism or atheism.

A belief need not include faith or worship of a god or gods, but must affect how a person lives their life or perceives the world.

For a belief to be protected by the Equality Act:

  • It must be genuinely held.
  • It must be a belief and not an opinion or viewpoint based on information available at the moment.
  • It must be a belief as to a weighty and substantial aspect of human life and behaviour.
  • It must attain a certain level of cogency, seriousness, cohesion and importance.
  • It must be worthy of respect in a democratic society.
  • It must be compatible with human dignity and not conflict with the fundamental rights of others.

Gender or sex

Man or woman. A person’s sex refers to the fact that they are male or female. In relation to a group of people, it refers to either men or women or to either boys or girls.


Sexual orientation means the attraction a person feels towards one sex or another (or both), which determines who they form intimate relationships with or are attracted to. Some people are only attracted to those of the same sex (lesbian women and gay men).

Some people are attracted to people of both sexes (bisexual people). Some people are only attracted to the opposite sex (heterosexual people). Everyone is protected from being treated worse because of sexual orientation, whether they are bisexual, gay, lesbian or heterosexual.

Sexual orientation discrimination also covers discrimination connected with manifestations of that sexual orientation

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